Assistance and formation for the health of Palestinian women and refugees in the West Bank and in Israel
West Bank. West Bank. The West Bank was supposed to be the Palestinian state ( including Gaza Strip) according to the United Nations’ division plan of 1947, but the Israeli troops started the occupation of the Palestinian territories soon after the first Arab-Israeli war in 1948, taking the total control of the area during the Six-Day War in 1967. Towards the mid-nineties some cities of the West Bank and of Gaza Strip passed under the control of Palestinian National Authority (PNA) as a consequence of the “Oslo Agreements”. However, most part of the West Bank was occupied again as a consequence of the Second Intifada in September 2000.
In 2002 Israel began the construction of a separation wall (security fence) in the West Bank with the official reason of hampering the access of Palestinian terrorists into Israeli territory. Along its whole length, this barrier consists of a set of walls, trenches and electronic doors. Furthermore the barrier has been judged as a severe violation of Human Rights and of international humanitarian rights by the UN International Court of Justice and by the International Commission of Jurists . In the West Bank the access to health care services has been strongly compromised by the worsening of the socio-political and humanitarian situation, the effects of the Israeli occupation and of the increased dependence on external help. Given the current situation, the circumstances of developing an independent Palestinian health care system are difficult to be created. The restrictions of freedom of movement imposed by the Israeli occupation cause serious problems to the Palestinian population. Not only they concern the access of the patients to the health care services, but they are also related to the lack of training opportunities for medical staff and the difficulty of establishing of an efficient health system. The health indicators reveal the critical situation in which the Palestinian health system is: the infant mortality is six times higher than the one of Israel while the maternal mortality is even 20 times higher..
In this regard, the foreseen activities are as following: realisation of an Open Clinic and mobile clinics for women’s health; organization of events promoting health and fundamental rights; , organisation of specialized mobile clinics (gynecology, pediatrics) for women’s and children’s health; training courses for young Palestinian doctors in gynecological-obstetric and pediatric sector ; realizationof two seminars in Italy on inequality in health in the Cccupied Palestinian Territories and in Israel.
The project is carried out in partnership with an Israeli Non-Governmental Organization Physicians for Human Rights Israel – PHR and a Palestinian Non-Governmental Organization Palestinian Medical Relief Society – PMRS. The local organizations have been cooperating together for several years and they developed a sound experience in the defense of Human Rights and in the promotion of dialogue in conflict area . The present project aims to give a systemic overview of the cooperation process where the health issue is link to themes such as human rights and peace.. Moreover, the intervention has the purpose of enhancing women empowerment both in methodology aspects (mobile clinics for women managed by women) and in training sector through topics concerning health and fundamental rights.
SUPPORT THE PROJECT
OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES
Infant mortality (per 1,000 born alive)
18,8 – In Israel 3,7
Maternal mortality (per 100,000 births)
28 – In Israel 7
Life expectancy at birth (years)
73 – In Israel 83
Human Development Index
0,69; position 107/182
0,89; position 19 in Israel
GDP per capita ($)
2.250 $- in Israel 31.200$
The Beneficiary population
Direct: 11.000 women and 10.000 children living in the villages and the cities in Azun (district of Kalkilia), Deir Balut (district of Salfeet), Deir Ibze and Zaffa (district of Ramallah), Mount Ebal (district of Nablus), Rbayeah (district of Bethlehem Est), Zibad (district of Tulkarem). Beneficiaries of the project are 20 young Palestinian doctors who benefit from educational, theoretical and practical events within the gynaecological and paediatrics area.
Indirect: The remaining population of the villages and of the city quarters for a total of approximately 10.000 persons and 500 Israeli and Palestinian medical staff (doctors, obstetricians, hospital attendants, pharmacists and so on) who establish through the project, in direct or indirect way, relations of dialogue and collaboration.
In the field: Physicians for Human Rights – Israel; Palestinian Medical Relief Society
National: Medici per i Diritti Umani; Municipality of San Casciano Val di Pesa; AOUCareggi
2015: 92.678,00 euro
Tavola Valdese, Regione Toscana